Loans are a great way to obtain cash to pay for anything, be it your wedding, vacation, medical emergencies, education, etc. But, loans have a great impact on your credit score. If you make timely payments on your loans, then it will have a positive impact on your credit score. However, if you default on payments, then it will have a negative impact on your credit score. To get more insight into this, read on. 

The Positive Impacts Of A Loan On Your Credit Score  

Helps in building your credit history:

your repayment is pivotal in building your credit score. If you make timely repayments of your loan EMIs and credit card bills, then it indicates a sense of financial responsibility. This will go a long way in building your credit history and credit score. A credit score is going to impact how you are going to obtain credit in the future. 

Helps in lowering your debt-to-income ratio:

Apart from building your credit profile, unsecured loans will help in lowering your debt-to-income ratio and thus in improving your credit score. An unsecured loan does not have any end-usage restriction of the loan amount borrowed. You can get an unsecured loan for debt consolidation. This will help in lowering your total monthly repayment, which will result in reduction of debt-to-income ratio. This will improve your credit score.   

Diversifies your experience with credit:

High credit scorers tend to have a diverse portfolio of credit accounts on their credit report. For instance, it could be a mix of a credit card, student loan, and a car loan. This is better than owning 3 credit cards

Some Loans Can Help You Get Started With Credit:

Student loans will help many people to get started on their credit. Credit builder loans may also help people with absolutely no credit history build enough credit for the credit bureaus to calculate their credit score.

A loan will help you improve the length of your credit history:

The length of your open credit accounts will account for 15% your credit score. The longer, the better. Personal loans, home loans, etc. with a longer repayment history will lengthen your credit history as well as the average age of your credit accounts. This will improve your credit score.

The Negative Impacts of A Loan on Your Credit Score

Dip in credit score due to untimely repayment:

When you do not pay your monthly dues on time or completely, it means that you do not have a proper repayment behavior. Poor repayment behavior will cause a dip in credit score. 

May extend your debt-to-income ratio beyond the ideal limit:

You should keep your debt-to-income ratio at 30%. Taking loans will extend your debt-to-income ratio sometimes. For example, if your monthly income is Rs. 50,000, and your monthly EMIs amount to 12500, then your debt-to-income ratio is 25%. Now, if you take a new loan, and your monthly EMIs increase to 15,000, then your debt-to-income ratio becomes 30%.  This will hurt your credit score. 

Too many hard inquiries on your credit report:

When you apply for a new loan, the lender will issue a hard inquiry on you. One or two hard inquiries may not have any impact on your credit score but multiple hard inquiries will pull down your credit score. Thus, don’t apply for multiple loans and do some background work before applying for a loan. Search for lenders who will give attractive interest rates, feasible tenures, moderate processing free, low or nil prepayment charges, minimal documentation, hassle-free processing, and so on.  

Will adversely impact if the right lender is not chosen:

If you do not choose the right lender, then it will adversely affect your credit score. When you select a lender, you should first look at the interest rate offered. Additionally, you should also consider the overall gamut of charges like processing fees and preclosure charges, the financial position of the lender, credibility, and the level of service. 

How To Avoid Negative Effects of Loans?

You can do a free credit score check with various services available. Services available not only help you check your credit score for free but also enable you to download a free credit report. The credit report gives details about your financial position including debt-to-income ratio and delayed payments. Looking into this report will help you take a proper decision regarding taking loans. 

Does Applying For A New Loan Impact Your Credit Score? 

Yes, applying for a loan impacts your credit score. For instance, if you have enough loans on your liability list and if you apply for a new car loan, then the car loan may get rejected on the basis that you have too much of debt on hand. 

If you have managed your debt well in the past and have a good credit history, taking a new loan may not have an overall impact on your credit score.  


Thus, taking a loan can impact positively and negatively depending on your financial position. So, when you borrow a loan, you should be prudent. Borrow only what you can repay, borrow only when required, and decide the quantum of loan before borrowing. All this will make sure that taking a loan will have a good impact on your credit score. 

FAQS How Does A Loan Affect Your Credit Score? Positive and Negative Impact?

1:Do personal loans have a good impact on your credit? 

A personal loan can be a fine way to build credit, but only if your credit history is good enough to get an affordable interest rate and loan terms that are good. If you have no credit history or a score that needs a lot of improvement, a credit builder loan or a credit card may be a better option.  

2:What are the factors that influence your credit score? 

Some of the factors that affect credit score are payment history, debt, how long you have been using credit, new or recent credit, and types of credit used.