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Introduction

An Indian Passport is issued by the Ministry of External Affairs to all Indian citizens as per different eligibility criteria set by the Government of India. Indian Passport can be availed through a network of passport offices and passport seva kendras(PSKs) spread across the country. Applicants can also avail the same via 180 Indian embassies and consulates in different foreign nations.

The passport is an essential travel document for Indians travelling abroad for reasons such as education, pilgrimage, medical needs, tourism, and business purposes. The passport can be used as a certificate for holders as being citizens of India by birth or naturalization. Here is all you need to know about the Indian Passport.

What are the different types of passport in India?

There are mainly two types of passports issued to Indian individuals by the Ministry of External Affairs, Government of India. These are:

  • Ordinary passport: Ordinary passports are issued to individuals who wish to use it for general purposes such as travel to foreign countries on business or holidays.
  • Official/Diplomatic passport: Official or Diplomatic passports are issued to individuals who are looking to travel to foreign countries on various official duties.

What is the application procedure for an Indian passport?

An Indian citizen who wants to apply for Indian passport can do so online on the Passport Seva website or through the passport Seva app. Here is the detailed application procedure to be followed:

  • The first step towards passport application is to register on the passport Seva online portal. In case the applicant is registered, he/she can log in to the portal with the help of the registered login ID and password.
  • Click on ‘Apply for Fresh Passport/ Re-issue of Passport’ link.
  • All the details required in the form must be provided by the applicant before submitting.
  • Click on the ‘Pay and Schedule Appointment’ link available in the ‘View Saved/Submitted Applications’ section for scheduling an appointment.
  • After making the payment and booking an appointment, the applicant should click on the ‘Print Application Receipt’ link and take a print-out of the application receipt which has the Application Reference Number (ARN).
  • The applicant then has to visit the Passport Seva Kendra (PSK) or Regional Passport Office (RPO) as per the date of appointment. All original documents have to be carried along during this appointment.
  • For those who wish to apply for the Indian passport offline, the application form has to be downloaded and printed before submitting the same at one of the passport-collection centres. Another option is to purchase the application form, fill all the details and submit it at the centre. This has to be accompanied by all requisite documents.

What are the fees for Indian passport application?

Application 

Fees in INR (36 Pages)

Fees in INR (60 Pages)

Fresh passport / re-issuance of passport - Normal scheme

1500

2000

Fresh passport / reissuance of passport - Tatkal scheme

3500

4000

What documents are required for Indian passport application?

While applying for a passport, the applicant has to submit the following set of documents:

  • Passport application form
  • Proof of address
  • Proof of date of birth
  • Documentary proof for any one of the Non-ECR categories

1. For Proof of Address

  • Passbook of an active bank account containing a photo of the applicant
  • Landline or postpaid mobile bill
  • Rental agreement
  • Electricity bill
  • Voter ID card issued by Election Commission of India
  • Water bill
  • Income Tax Assessment order
  • Proof of Gas connection
  • Aadhaar card
  • For minors - Copy of the first and last page of parent’s passport
  • Certificate from Employer of reputed companies on their letterhead
  • Copy of the first and last page of the spouse’s passport stating the applicant’s name as the spouse of the passport holder.

2. For Proof of Date of Birth

  • Aadhaar card/e-Aadhaar
  • PAN card
  • Voter ID card issued by the Election Commission of India
  • Driving license
  • Declaration from the Head of the Orphanage or Child Care Home confirming the date of birth of the applicant on official letterhead.
  • Birth certificate.
  • Transfer certificate/school.
  • A copy of the service record of the applicant (applicable for government employees) or pension order (retired government employees) duly attested or certified by the officer of the relevant department of the applicant.
  • Copy of the policy bond issued by the Public Life Insurance Corporation/Companies stating the date of birth of the insurance policyholder.

How do I book an appointment for applying for an Indian passport?

Here is how an applicant can go about booking an appointment for passport application:

  • Visit the Passport Seva portal and login with registered login ID and password
  • Go to ‘Apply for Fresh /reissue passport’ link
  • Fill in the required details and submit the application form
  • Click on the ‘Pay and Schedule Appointment’ link located under the ‘View Saved/Submitted Applications’ section for scheduling an appointment
  • The appointment slot is allotted to the applicant as per selection

How can I track the dispatch status of my passport?

For checking the passport delivery status after completion of passport application, applicants can make use of the Tracking Utility feature offered by India Post. Applicants can also reach out to the nearest Speed Post centre to confirm the status as appearing on the website. In case the Speed Post officials are unable to locate the consignment, or if the passport consignment is returned to the sender, applicants will have to reach out to the concerned Regional Passport Office. The future course of action will then be provided by the officials.

Passport Dispatch Via Post

Individuals who wish to get their passport urgently can physically collect the document from the Regional Passport Office (RPO) where the application was made. Applicants who want to collect their passport from an RPO will have to submit an application stating the reason for urgent document collection. The application has to be submitted to the official present at the RPO. The final decision around the delivery of the document will depend upon the concerned Regional Passport Officer.

Passport Collection - Mailman

Applicants must collect their passport personally if they want to do so through the mailman. However, in case the applicant is unable to collect the passport himself/herself for some reason, it is up to the mailman to hand over the document to the applicant's family members post verification of their ID proof. The mailman can also return the passport to the issuing RPO in absence of valid ID proof from the applicant's family member.

In case the post authorities return the applicant’s passport to the issuing RPO due to unavailability of the applicant, he/she will need to get in touch with the concerned RPO and submit an application mentioning the problem. The authorities will then dispatch the document once again upon request from the applicant. Current residential address proof also has to be sent along with the application apart from any other proofs that the RPO would require.

How long is an Indian passport valid for?

An Indian passport is usually valid for 10 years from the date of issue. The Date of Issue and the Date of Expiry of a passport are mentioned in the passport. A passport comprises 36 or 60 pages as per the requirement of the passport holder.

A passport holder must check for the validity of the passport and make sure that it is not expired for it to be considered as a valid document. In case a passport has expired, the passport holder can request for renewal of the same on the Passport Seva Portal. The portal allows the citizens of India to carry out any tasks with regards to passport application online.

FAQs

1. Can I check my passport details online in India?

Once you have made a passport application, it goes through various stages such as review, printing, dispatch, etc. You can check the passport application status online on the Passport Seva portal. This way you will know the exact stage of the passport application status.

2. How is police verification conducted for Indian Passport?

Police verification may not necessarily be required in all passport applications. Applicants can visit the Passport Seva website to know whether a police verification is applicable for their application. They can even check for the status of the same online.

3. What is the site to apply for a passport?

For passport application, you need to visit the official website of the Ministry of External Affairs, Government of India. The site address is - www.passportindia.gov.in. Alternatively, you can also use the official mobile app - mPassport Seva. You can download this from an Android or iOS application store.

4. How can I check the ECR/ECNR passport status?

The ECR and ECNR reflect whether the passport holder requires emigration clearance for travel to 18 countries highlighted by the Government of India. The status of ECR/ECNR can be seen on the second page of the passport.

5. I want to change my address in the Indian passport application form, how do I do it?

You can update your address by applying for a re-issuance of your passport. This can either be done online or offline depending on your comfort and convenience.

6. What is the process for passport application for government employees?

If an individual is a government employee, he/she has to send a ‘Prior Intimation ‘(PI) letter to the controlling authority. This helps in speeding up the passport application process. All the other steps of passport application are the same as applicable to ordinary citizens.

7. What is the timeline to receive an Indian Passport?

In a normal passport application, the passport gets issued within 30-45 days. For Tatkal applications, the passport gets issued within 7-14 days.

8. I want to understand more about the Type P Passport in India?

Type P passports are regular passports issued to ordinary citizens of the country. The passport is generally used for travel to foreign countries, personal trips, business trips, educational trips, etc. In Type P passports, ‘P’ is for ‘personal’.

9. Do I need to have a permanent address for applying for an Indian passport?

A permanent address is not mandatory for application of an Indian passport. However, you need to provide the current address proof for endorsing in the issued passport.

10. What is a Red passport?

A Diplomatic passport issued to Indian diplomats, top-ranked government officials and diplomatic couriers is called a ‘Red Passport’ in India. The passport comes with a maroon cover and is also referred to as a ‘Type D’ passport.

11. Who is the passport issuing authority in India?

The passport issuing authority in India is the concerned Regional Passport Office(RPO) which has all the important decision-making powers with regards to the passport.

12. How long is an Indian passport valid for?

The Indian passport issued to ordinary residents of the country comes with a validity of up to 10 years. In case of a minor, the validity is limited to a maximum of 5 years.

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