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Driving License in India

To drive a vehicle legally on the roads, an Indian driving license is mandatory. However, to obtain a driving license there is a separate process to it and the license is not received right away.

An individual wanting to drive any type of motor vehicle in India has to get their learning license first. A learner’s license is required for learning. A person has to appear for a test before an RTO authority, who after proper examination, will declare if the person has passed the examination or not. Such an examination is held after a month’s time after the issue of a learning license.

Types of Driving License in India:

1. Learner’s license.

2. Permanent license.

3. Commercial Driving License.

Learner’s License:

  • A Learner's License is issued by the Road Transport Authority (RTO) before giving a permanent driving license. This license is generally valid for 6 months
  • To obtain this license an applicant is required to submit valid documents to the RTO and also clear a small test.
  • During this period, an applicant is expected to practice his driving skills.

Permanent License:

  • A permanent license is issued by the RTO post the completion of the learner’s license period and on meeting the eligibility criteria.
  • As per the said criteria, an applicant should be 18 years of age and pass the qualifying test in order to be eligible for a permanent license.
  • There is also an option of retaking the test after 7 days.

Commercial Driving License:

  • This type of license is specifically issued to heavy vehicle drivers such as trucks and delivery vans.
  • The criteria for obtaining the license are that the applicant should be 18 years of age (although some states also have 20 years as the minimum age) and should be trained in a government training center or a government-affiliated center and also should have completed education till the 8th grade and have valid documents.

Why should you apply for a driving license online?

It is ideal to apply for a driving license online as you need not go through the tedious process of visiting the RTO and submitting the documents. You can easily download the form from the internet and furnish the necessary documents after filling up the form duly. Once the online submission is done you can visit the RTO and take the test. If you pass the driving test, you will get a driving license.

Eligibility Criteria for Driving License

Types of Vehicles allowedCriteria
Vehicles without gears with the engine up to 50cc16 years of age and parental consent.
Vehicles with gearsI am 18 years old.
Knowledge of traffic rules is a mustCommercial vehicles
20 years of ageSome states allow 18 years
Formal education till 8th is a mustShould be from some government-affiliated center

Documents Required for Application of a Driving License

To ensure no delays in the application process, the documents submitted are required to be valid and correct. The list of documents required for obtaining a driving license is as follows:

1. Age proof (Any of the following)

  • Birth Certificate
  • PAN Card
  • Passport
  • Marksheet of 10th class.

2. Address proof

  • Passport
  • Aadhar Card
  • Electricity Bill
  • Voter ID card
  • Ration Card

3. Current Address Proof:

  • Rental Agreement and Electricity Bill
  • Rental Agreement with LPG Bill

Fees for DL and LL

License IssuedOld FeeNew Fee
Applying for a new driving licenseRs.40Rs.200
Driving license testRs.50Rs.300
Renewing a driving licenseRs.50Rs.200
Applying for a new learner's licenseRs.30Rs.200
Renewing a learner's licenseRs.40Rs.200
Applying for an International driving licenseRs.500Rs.1,000
Driving school license issue and renewalRs.2,000Rs.10,000
Issuing a renewed driving licenseRs.50Rs.200
Fee for appeal against RTORs.100Rs.500
Issuing driving schools with duplicate licenseRs.2,000Rs.5,000

Steps to Apply for a Driving License

  • Step 1: Visit the site
  • Step 2: Select the services tab and click on the ‘Driving License Related Services’ option
  • Step 3: Select the state from which you wish to apply for the DL
  • Step 4: Click on ‘Apply for a Driving License’ option
  • Step 5: Fill and complete all the applicant details
  • Step 6: Pay the application fee on the website
  • Step 7: Book a slot for the driving license test
  • Step 8: Appear and take the test as scheduled on the website
  • Step 9: If you pass the test, the Driving license is delivered to your doorstep on the registered address given in the form.

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How to Download a Driving License Soft Copy

  • Visit the Parivahan official website at
  • Navigate to ‘Online Services and click on ‘Driving License Related Services.
  • You will be redirected to a page which will prompt you to select your state.
  • Under the ‘Driving License’ section, click on ‘Print Driving License’.
  • Enter your application number and also select your date of birth from the drop-down menu
  • Click on ‘Submit’

Your Driving License is displayed on the screen after this step. You can either take a printout or save it as a PDF.

Download using DigiLocker:

Step 1: Visit the official website of DigiLocker at

Step 2: Log into your account by entering your Aadhar number, username or mobile number

Step 3: An OTP is generated and sent to your mobile number.

Step 4: Enter the 6-digit security pin registered at the time of profile creation.

Step 5: Click on the ‘Submit’ button.

Step 6: Select the ‘Driving License’ option from the ‘Issued Documents’ menu.

Step 7: Enter your Driving License number to download it in PDF format.

Duplicate Driving License in India

Driving License is an important document in India as it gives citizens the right to drive and also acts as valid identity proof. If anyone loses their driving license, they can apply for a Duplicate Driving License from the RTO by filling out an application form and submitting it with the required documents.

FAQs of Apply for a driving license online

1. What is the validity of a learner's license in India?

The validity of a learner's license is 6 months.

2. Is a learner's license applied in Delhi valid across India?

Yes, a learner's license is valid across India for all the states including the state in which it was applied.

3. Will I get a refund if I fail the driving test?

No, no refund is available even if you fail the driving test.

4. Is a medical certificate necessary for applying to the RTO for a license?

Yes, a medical certificate is necessary for any applicant who is above 50 years of age and is applying for a license.

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