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Learners License

Like swimming or cycling, driving has also become a life skill these days. A lot of people drive cars and own them. The major reason is the affordability of the cars in the market and also the increase in the purchasing power of the general public. According to the Motor Vehicle Act, 1988, no individual can drive a vehicle on the road without holding a valid driving license.

But, if you are just beginning to learn how to drive then you must hold a valid learner's license in India (LLR). The persons holding a learner's license must be accompanied by people holding a permanent license while driving the vehicle. Let us know more about the learner's license.

Why do you need a Learning License?

Let us take a look at some of the reasons why we need a learning license in India

  • To learn how to drive a motor vehicle, one must first obtain a learning license for that type of vehicle in India. This helps you to drive a vehicle with an instructor on the roads of India.
  • After getting a learning license, if you practice with an experienced person, then you can drive easily without any hassles on the roads.
  • After you apply for a learner's license, it is easy to get a permanent driving license.
  • While holding a learner's license you can get a hang of all the traffic rules and how to follow them.

Eligibility of Learners' License in India

Depending upon the class of vehicles and the learner's license sought, the eligibility for the license differs in each case. Some of the cases are given below

Type of Learner's LicenseEligibility Criteria
Motorcycles with gearThe candidate must be at least 18 years old.
Motorcycles without gear with up to 50 ccs The candidate must be at least 16 years of age. For candidates less than 18 years, consent from a guardian or parent must be obtained.
General Requirement for obtaining a Learner's LicenseThe applicant should be at least 18 years of age and must know traffic rules & regulations. The applicant must have valid address proof and age proof documents.
Commercial Heavy Vehicles and Transport VehiclesThe applicant must have finished the 8th standard of the school. The applicant should be at least 18 years of age. In some states, the minimum age is 20 years.

Documents Required for a Learner’s License

While obtaining a learner’s license, the applicant has to submit all the documents to the respective Regional Transport Office of the state. For applicants applying online, a scanned copy of all the documents has to be uploaded. This will help to make the process hassle-free and easy for the applicant.

1. Proof of Address

  • Recent Electricity Bill
  • LIC Bond
  • Aadhaar card
  • Passport
  • Agreement of the house property
  • Ration card

2. Proof of Age

  • PAN card
  • Birth Certificate
  • Transfer Certificate from school
  • Passport
  • 10th Board mark sheet

3. Application fee required as per RTO

4. If you are living in other cities, you can submit a rental agreement, electricity bill or gas bill as a current proof of address

5. Approximately six copies of photographs

6. Medical certificate that is Form A1 from a government-certified doctor

7. The application form is filled out completely.

How to Apply for Learner's License Online?

The state Regional Transport Offices have a website that provides an option to apply for the learners’ license online. Though the steps for filing a license differ in each state the general procedure remains the same and hence this is a simple guideline as to how the application can be submitted online.

  • Step 1: You can check if the official RTO website of your state has a facility to apply for the learner’s license online.
  • Step 2: If the official website of the state has the option to apply for the license online, then find the application form linked to it and fill in details like name, age, address and other mandatory details required in the form.
  • Step 3: In the case of learner’s license applications, the applicants have an option to choose the slot for the test.
  • Step 4: The payment for the application form can be done online and the receipt is received by the applicant.
  • Step 5: In some states, the receipt has to be carried along for the test. The receipt has to be submitted to the RTO.
  • Step 6: Taking the test and qualifying are compulsory for getting the license.

How to Apply for a Learner's License through Parivahan Website?

  • Step 1: Visit the official website
  • Step 2: Select the online services tab placed at the top of the page
  • Step 3: Select ‘Driving license-related services’ from the menu
  • Step 4: After the page is redirected, select the fee/payment tab
  • Step 5: Enter the required details
  • Step 6: Click on the calculate fees option
  • Step 7: Choose the payment gateway
  • Step 8: Make the payment on the website.

How is the Test Conducted for a Learning License?

All the applicants who are applying for a learner's license have to either give an online or a written test for getting the learner license. Passing this test is mandatory for getting the license.

Some of the guidelines for the test are

  • The test time is given on the receipt and the application form once you book the slot. It is expected that you reach the venue half an hour before.
  • Each RTO will have a flashcard or printouts of certain rules and regulations that have to be followed while driving. You can easily take these to study
  • If you have applied online, then you have to give the slip on the designated counter
  • The test is generally a multiple choice question test.
  • If you fail the test, you can reappear after a week’s time
  • You can apply for the permanent license after 30 days of getting the learning license. The application for a driving license should be made within 180 days.

Types of Learner’s Licenses in India

The licenses are based on the class of motor vehicles. Here are some types of vehicles and their classes

Category of UseLicense ClassVehicle Type
Personal useMC 50CC (Motorcycle 50 cc)Motorcycles with engine of 50 ccs or less than 50 cc
LMV - NTLight Motor Vehicle used for non-transport purposes
FVGMotorcycles of any engine capacity but with no gears like scooters and mopeds
MC EX50CCMotorcycles with a capacity of 50 CC or more, motorcycles with gear and Light Motor Vehicles (LMVs) including cars
MCWG or M / CYCL.WGAll types of Motorcycles including Motorcycle with gear
Commercial UseHGMVHeavy Goods Motor Vehicle
LMV - TRLight Motor Vehicle used for commercial purposes
HPMVAll India driving permit for trucks and cars or open license / Heavy Passenger Motor Vehicle
LMV - NTLight Motor Vehicle for non-transport purposes
MGVMedium Goods Vehicle

What is an International Driving Permit?

An International Driving Permit (IDP) is a legal document issued to Indians traveling abroad, which facilitates them to drive in any foreign country where the document is considered valid. However, it is advisable to carry the original license along with the passport and the IDP when on foreign roads to avoid any inconvenience. The IDP is similar to a passport and often gets issued in multiple languages as per the destination country's requirement. It is valid for one year. If you need it beyond this duration, it needs to be reissued.

FAQs of Learners License

1. Is the learner’s license valid throughout India?

Yes, the learner’s license is valid throughout India for a period of six months after issue.

2. Can I renew my learning license?

No, the learning license cannot be renewed. You can apply for a new license.

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